One of the most common causes of pain in the foot and heel is plantar fasciitis. This condition occurs when a band of tissue that run across the bottom of the foot called the plantar fascia becomes inflamed and painful. The plantar fascia connects the heel to the toes, and supports the arch of the foot.
When the plantar fascia is injured, it can become weak and swollen, and cause pain in the bottom of the foot, near the heel. This pain is usually worse in the morning during the first few steps after waking up. Pain can also occur when standing up after a long period of being seated.
What causes plantar fasciitis?
Repeated straining of the plantar fascia is the main cause of plantar fasciitis. A few contributing factors include:
- Being overweight
- Not wearing the right shoes for activity
- Feet rolling inward while walking
- High arches
- Flat feet
- Standing, walking or running for long periods of time on hard surfaces
Plantar fasciitis is also more common in people between 40 and 60.
Treating plantar fasciitis usually takes a few months and is generally conservative. Some treatment options may include:
- Physical therapy
- Splints or orthotic devices
- Pain relievers
In rare cases, plantar fasciitis does require surgery, but this condition is generally mild and can be treated using the options above.
To learn more about plantar fasciitis and treatment options, visit www.neorthohospital.com.